Poverty and social inclusion

Based on EU-SILC (European Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions) each year results on poverty and social inclusion are published. Key indicators for Austria from EU-SILC 2013 and earlier years are available in the table below.

In 2013 18.8% of the population were considered at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in terms of the Europe 2020 strategy. 14.4% of the population were considered at-risk-of-poverty, 4.2% of the population were severely materially deprived and 7.7% of those below 60 years of age were living in households with very low work intensity.

The Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth is aiming to lift at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty and social exclusion within the next ten years. For Austria this means to reduce the target group by 235 000 people. In the mid-term, 18.8% of the population in Austria are reported to have been at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in 2013, that is 127,000 persons less than in 2008. The national Europe 2020-target is thus half reached, the rate dropped from 20.6% in 2008 to 18.8% in 2013.

Projected to the Austrian population as a whole the figure – with a 95% reliability probability – was between 17.5% and 20.1%, i.e. between 1.463.000 and 1.681.000 persons had to be considered as being at risk of poverty or social exclusion. They are either at-risk-of-poverty or severely materially deprived or living in a household with very low work intensity.

The at-risk-of-poverty rate is calculated on the basis of the equivalised household income, the available household income divided by the number of consumption equivalents in the household (see Household Income). People are considered to be at-risk-of-poverty if their equivalised household income is below an at-risk-of-poverty threshold of 60% of the national median household income. In 2013, the equivalised income median was €22 073. The at-risk-of-poverty threshold was therefore €13 244 for a single-person household, i.e. approximately €1 104 a month (12 times).

Severely materially deprived persons have living conditions severely constrained by a lack of resources, they experience at least 4 out of the following 9 deprivation items: cannot afford to pay rent or utility bills, keep home adequately warm, face unexpected expenses, eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day, a week holiday away from home, a car, a washing machine, a colour TV, or a telephone.

In households with very low work intensity the work intensity of all working-age household members (18-59 years, except students) is below the threshold of 20% of the theoretically attainable work intensity of the household during the past year. This indicator is reported for people aged less than 60.

Based on the national regulation (Einkommens- und Lebensbedingungen-Statistikverordnung ELStV) in EU-SILC 2012 register information was used for the first time to calculate components of household income and for weighting (see Methodenbericht EU-SILC 2012, PDF, 1MB). Advantages of this changed methodology – in former years only survey data is available – are an increase in the data quality and reduced burden for respondents to the survey. To monitor the Europe 2020 strategy despite switching to register data in EU-SILC 2012, Statistics Austria has done a back-calculation for EU-SILC 2008-2011 with register data. The back-estimation for key indicators for 2008-2010 that was published in late 2013 is now displaced by the back-calculation on micro-data-level (see Documentation on the Register-based Back Calculation of EU-SILC 2008-2011 in Austria). Due to the methodological break changes in the indicators from 2007 to 2008 cannot be interpreted in terms of content.

On its website Eurostat provides indicators on social inclusion for all European countries in the section “Statistics on Income and Living Conditions”. In Eurostat´s comparative study “Income and Living Conditions“ Statistics Austria provides an article that shows the dynamics of change concerning deprivation in the EU member states based on EU-SILC longitudinal data. A more detailed version can be found as working paper (“Towards an inclusion balance - accounting for gross change in Europeans' living conditions“) in Eurostat´s series on methodological issues in EU-SILC. Material deprivation and child-specific indicators on deprivation are described in detail in the working paper “Measuring Material Deprivation in the EU”.

Please consult our German website for tables and charts containing further information.

  • Table(s)
  • Press releases
  • Publications
  • General information service
Results (overview): European indicators on social inclusion in Austria 2004 - 2013HTMLPDFXLSX
Target population Europe 2020 by age and gender 2013HTMLPDFXLSX
Selected preliminary indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2014HTMLPDFXLSX
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2013HTMLPDFXLSX
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2012HTMLPDFXLSX
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2011HTMLPDFXLSX
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2010HTMLPDFXLSX

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