Population forecasts

Austrian population will increase towards 9.9 million inhabitants by 2080

The Austrian population will increase to 9.43 million people until 2040 (+7%) and to 9.93 million in 2080 (+12%), according to the new population projection by Statistics Austria based on assumptions for fertility, mortality and migration. In 2018, the reference year for the projection, the population amounted to 8.84 million.

Regional development: highest population growth in Vienna

According to the main scenario, the population development will vary substantially among the nine provinces during the next decades. Vienna, the capital of Austria (+20%) is expected to have the most marked population growth till 2080, followed by Lower Austria (+18%), Burgenland (+14%), Upper Austria (+13%), Vorarlberg and Tyrol (each +11%), Salzburg (+8%) and Styria (+4%). Carinthia is the only province with an expected population loss till 2080 (-7%).

Population growth will be accompanied by ageing

Children and youngsters under 20 years are projected to account for a smaller proportion of the total population, namely 18.6% in 2080 as compared to 19.4% in 2018. The majority of the provinces will follow this trend, except Vienna, where rising proportions are expected. As the “baby-boom generation” (those born between 1955 and 1970) will reach the retirement age after 2020, the size of the elderly population (ages 65 and over) is projected to increase in all nine provinces. Thus for Austria as a whole, the proportion of the elderly population will grow from 18.8% in 2018 to 29.3% by 2080. By then, Burgenland (35%) as well as Carinthia (33%) are expected to remain the “oldest” regions while the western part of Austria together with Vienna will still rank as the “youngest” regions. Vienna will hold a share of 25% elderly people by 2080. The average age of Austria’s population will significantly increase over the next decades from 42.7 (2018) to 47.5 years (2080).

Increase of the foreign born population

In the year 2018 about 1.71 million people born in a foreign country lived in Austria. This averages 19% of the total population. The number of this population group will rise until the year 2040 to 2.22 million (+30%), until 2080 to 2.67 million (+56%). The share of the foreign born population will increase to 24% (2040) and 27% (2080) respectively. Currently Vienna holds a population share of 36% foreign born persons, which will increase to more than 40% after the year 2030.

Please consult our German website for tables and charts containing further information.

Population forecast for Austria 2018-2100 (main scenario)
Population forecast for Burgenland 2018-2100 (main scenario)
Population forecast for Carinthia 2018-2100 (main scenario)
Population forecast for Lower Austria 2018-2100 (main scenario)
Population forecast for Upper Austria 2018-2100 (main scenario)
Population forecast for Salzburg 2018-2100 (main scenario)
Population forecast for Styria 2018-2100 (main scenario)
Population forecast for Tyrol 2018-2100 (main scenario)
Population forecast for Vorarlberg 2018-2100 (main scenario)
Population forecast for Vienna 2018-2100 (main scenario)

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Demographisches Jahrbuch 2018
On the individual level, demographic change is caused by a vast number of decisions in the course of human life. On the aggregate level, the outcomes of these decisions lead to changes in the ...

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Demographisches Jahrbuch 2017
On the individual level, demographic change is caused by a vast number of decisions in the course of human life. On the aggregate level, the outcomes of these decisions lead to changes in the ...

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On the individual level, demographic change is caused by a vast number of decisions in the course of human life. On the aggregate level, the outcomes of these decisions lead to changes in the ...

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