The Austrian population will grow to 10 million inhabitants by 2080; labour force increases by 5%
Regional development: highest population growth in Vienna
According to the main scenario, the population development
will vary substantially among the nine Länder (federal states) during
the following decades. Vienna, the capital of Austria
Population growth will be accompanied by ageing
Children and youngsters below 20 years of age are projected to account for a slightly smaller proportion of the total population, namely 19% in 2080 compared to 20% in 2017. The majority of the Länder will follow this trend, apart from Vienna, where rising proportions are expected. As the "baby-boom generation" (those born between 1955 and 1970) will reach the retirement age after 2020, the size of the elderly population (ages 65 and over) is projected to increase in all nine Länder. Therefore in Austria, as a whole, the proportion of the elderly population will grow from 19% in 2017 to 29% in 2080. By then, Burgenland (34%) as well as Carinthia (33%) are expected to remain the "oldest" regions, while the western part of Austria together with Vienna will still rank as the "youngest" regions. Vienna will have a percentage of 24% elderly people by 2080. The average age of the Austrian population will significantly increase during the coming decades, from 42.5 (2017) to 47.2 years (2080).
Increase of the foreign born population
In 2017, about 1.68 million people born in a foreign
country were living in Austria. This averages at 19% of the total population.
The number of this population group will rise by 2040 to 2.23 million
Labour force increases by 5% to 4.79 million until 2050
The number of people in the labour force will rise
in the future if the trends in immigration and labour market participation
continue. According to Statistics Austria's labour force projection,
the size of the economically active population (people in employment
and unemployment) will increase by 5% by 2050. In 2017, there were 4.55 million
people in the labour force on annual average; in 2020 there will be
on methods: To calculate the population
projection, the population level differentiated by age, gender
and country of birth is extrapolated into the future as of 1 January 2018:
The population ages by one year per calendar year. The new birth cohorts
of a forecast year are calculated using age-specific fertility rates.
The deaths result from age- and gender-specific mortality probabilities,
which are multiplied by the population levels. While international migration
is calculated on the basis of rates analogous to deaths, immigration
is given in absolute figures (also according to age and gender). Internal
migration between the nine Austrian federal states is modelled using
age-, gender- and direction-specific migration rates.
The labour force projection is based on an extrapolation of age- and gender-specific labour force participation rates by five-year age groups. Multiplied by the main variant of the current population projection, this yields the estimated labour force figures.
The employment rates are based on the ILO concept (ILO: International Labour Organisation). Thus, they include all persons who work at least one hour a week for pay, or as self-employed, or family workers, as well as unemployed people.
For further inquiries please contact Directorate
Social Statistics, Statistics Austria:
Alexander HANIKA, Tel.
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