Structural Business Statistics

In 2018, the year under review, the 3 044 226 persons employed by the 346 469 enterprises (legal units) of the manufacturing and services sector (excluding “Public administration, compulsory social security“, “Education”, “Human health and social work activities”, “Arts entertainment and recreation” and “Other service activities”) achieved a turnover of €807.4 bn, resulting in a production value of €533.4 bn and a gross value added at factor costs of €216.0 bn. Personnel expenditure for the 2 718 860 employees amounted to €134.0 bn, and the investment volume totalled €41.6bn.

Structural Business Statistics provides important indicators concerning the structure, activities, employment, investment activities and performance of enterprises at national and regional levels in the breakdown by economic activities in accordance with ÖNACE 2008. Important underlying data is also provided for calculating the gross domestic product in the context of the System of National and Regional Accounts, input-output tables and economic forecasts.

Please consult our German website for tables and charts containing further information.

The comparison with the results of the previous year shows that the enterprises of the manufacturing and services sector achieved a growth of persons employed (+2.6%) and turnover (+6.3%) in 2018. Measured in terms of turnover, the highest growth rates were generated in “Other service activities” (+13.3%), “Mining and quarrying” (+11.0%), “Other service activities” (+8.8%) as well as in “Information and communication” (+8.6%) and “Manufacturing” (+7.2%).

The comparison of industries and construction with trade and services (see chart “Industry, construction and trade, services 2018 in comparison”) revealed that while just over four fifths (80.4%) of enterprises operated in the services branches, the share of persons employed was 66.4%. In terms of the gross value added at factor costs, industries and construction accounted for 39.7% and the services sector for 60.3%, while more than two-thirds (69.4%) of total investment and 61.5% of turnover was made in the services sector.

Results by aggregated economic activities show, that more than half of enterprises (57.3%) operated in services (without trade). They accounted for 44.1% of persons employed and 42.4% of value added at factor costs. Indeed the lowest shares of enterprises were measured for industry and construction (8.9% and 10.4 %) – but measured in terms of production value, industry with a share of 46.2% accounted for a quite higher share than construction with only 9.7%. About a quarter of enterprises (23.1%) were active in trade. With 22.3% of persons employed they achieved the highest share of turnover (33.3%), followed by industry (32.1%) and services with 28.2%.

The results according to the size classes of persons employed reflect the structure of the Austrian economy, which is predominantly characterised by small businesses. For the reporting year 2018, it emerged that 301 925 enterprises (87.1%) operated with less than ten employed persons. However, the enterprises in this size class achieved only 16.3 % of total turnover and 17.3% of gross value added at factor costs. By contrast, 1 243 enterprises (0.4%) had 250 and more employed persons. Enterprises of this size, however, exhibited about a third (33.1%) of all employed persons, representing a share of 37.6% of turnover, 39.5% of the gross value added at factor costs, and 37.2% of investments. Value added at factor costs by size classes of persons employed (see chart “Value added at factor costs 2018 by economic activities and size classes of persons employed”) shows, that services accounted for the highest share of value added (60.4%) in enterprises with less than 10 persons employed. Whereas industry had a rather high share of value added (47.9%) in enterprises with 250 and more persons employed.

Results by turnover size classes show a similar tendency as results by size classes of persons employed. For the reporting year 2018, 293 496 (84.7%) enterprises with a turnover of less than €1 m achieved a turnover of only 6.9% and a value added at factor costs of 11.4%. By contrast, 2 068 enterprises (0.6%) with a turnover of €50 m or more achieved 61.7% of the turnover and 48.1% of value added.

For the first time, SBS data based on the statistical unit “enterprise” (SU enterprise) are available. (see remarks). With the application of “profiling”, the SBS population has been delineated to 322 441 SU enterprises, aiming at eliminating the internal flows between legal units of the same SU enterprise. The results show a total turnover of €790.4 bn resulting in a production value of €525.2 bn and a value added at factor costs of €215.8 bn. Hence €17.0 bn of internal flows were eliminated. However, due to their additive character, there was no consolidation effect for the variables persons employed and value added at factor costs. However, a shift within the economic activities has taken place. The biggest shift can be observed from services to industry, which is mainly caused by outsourcing of support activities, such as IT and transport, to separate legal units within the same enterprise group.

Establishment results for Austria as a whole and for each federal province are also available alongside the results at enterprise level (legal units and statistical enterprises). The 347 255 business establishments of the manufacturing and service enterprises achieved operating earnings of €811.2 bn for Austria as a whole. As part of the Structural Business Statistics 2018, the survey also recorded persons employed, gross wages and salaries and gross investment in tangible goods at the level of local units, registering 439 735 local units.

Remark:

Regulation (EC) No. 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2008 concerning structural business statistics (recast) is the legal basis for compiling structural business statistics on European level by the classification of economic activities (NACE Rev. 2) from the reference year 2008 onwards.

According to Council regulation (EEC) No 696/93 of March 1993 the statistical unit enterprise (SU enterprise) is “the smallest combination of legal units that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision-making”. Therefore - by using manual or automatic profiling of enterprise groups, a method to delineate the statistical units within enterprise groups - legal units are delineated to statistical enterprises. (see Statistische Nachrichten 11/2019, S. 870ff. and 08/2020 for further details). Please note that nationally the results will be published until reference year 2020 on both levels, the legal unit and the SU enterprise. Eurostat just publishes results for the SU enterprise from reference year 2018 on.

The Regulation concerning structural business statistics is the basis for the collection of structural business statistics data on all market activities, as covered by Sections B to N and division 95 of ÖNACE 2008 beginning with the reference year 2008 according to national SBS regulation.

Results (overview): Structural Business Statistics 2018
Structural Business Statistics 2018 - Main Results
Structural Business Statistics 2017 - Main Results

Structural Business Statistics 2018 -  Industry, construction and trade, services in comparsion
Structural Business Statistics 2018 - Value added at factor costs by economic activities and  size classes of persons employed

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