Expenditure on research and development increases to 3.19% of GDP in 2019
The nominal increase of the total Austrian R&D expenditure from 2018 to 2019 is estimated to be 4.5%. Thus, it is higher than the forecasted rise of the gross national product of 3.8%. Since 2014, the Austrian R&D intensity has been above the 3% target set by the EU for 2020, but below the Austrian target of 3.76%. In the past two decades, domestic expenditure on research and development has risen sharply: In 2009, the research intensity reached 2.60%; 20 years ago, it was 1.85%.
In 2019, domestic enterprises
are expected to spend around €6.3 billion on research and will therefore
finance almost half of the overall R&D expenditures (49.0%). The public
sector will be responsible for around €4.5 billion of the total
R&D expenditure, which accounts for 34.9% of total R&D expenditure;
the federal government with almost €3.8 billion (29.6%) will be by
far the most important funding source. R&D funding of the federal
government also includes reimbursements via the research premium, which
are estimated to an amount of €670 million by the Federal Ministry
of Finance for 2019. The increase of public R&D funding
Only Sweden reached a higher R&D intensity
The comparison among EU countries for 2017 (the latest
year for which comparable data are available) discloses that Austria
had the second largest research intensity among the EU
Some comparable countries of importance have considerably
higher R&D expenditures than the EU. Among the European non-EU countries,
Switzerland reaches an extremely high figure (3.37% in 2015); research
intensities for Iceland and Norway were above the EU average as well
(2.10% resp. 2.09%). Among large non-European economies, the R&D
expenses in South Korea are more than twice as high than in the European
Union (4.55%). Also Japan (3.20%) and the USA (2.79%) reach significantly
higher research intensities. Since 2015, the research intensity of China
lies above the result for the EU
In this estimate of the Austrian Gross Domestic Expenditures on R&D, 2019 budget appropriations and final outlays of the federal government and the regional governments, latest macro-economic forecasts and preliminary results from the R&D survey in the business enterprise sector in 2017 were taken into account.
For more detailed results and further information concerning statistics on research and development please refer to our website.
on methods, definitions: Statistics Austria annually carries out
the global estimate of Austrian gross domestic expenditure on R&D,
based on results from the R&D surveys as well as other current documents
and information, particularly the R&D-relevant budget appropriations
and final outlays of the federal government ("Bund"), the
regional governments ("Bundesländer"), and latest macro-economic
forecasts. In the framework of the annual compilation of the global
estimate, retrospective revisions and updates are made simultaneously
based on latest data. Data up to 2015 are based on the R&D surveys
carried out every two years; R&D data from 2016 onwards are to be
considered as preliminary.
The funding of the expenditures for R&D performed in Austria is presented in line with the definitions of the Frascati Manual of the OECD. In accordance with its guidelines, national payments for R&D performed abroad are excluded. In this presentation, reimbursements from the research premium as an R&D tax incentive are classified as public funding in order to enable comparability over time.
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Andreas SCHIEFER, Tel.
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